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About PROSPAWN

Contact

Contract no. 232305

 

Period 01.09.2009-29.02.2012

 

Coordinator: Erik Vikingstad, AKVAPLAN-NIVA AS, Fram Center, Tromsø, Norway

 

Contact: erik@akvaplan.niva.no 

 

   

About PROSPAWN

The European aquaculture industry is currently dominated by the production of a few “successfully domesticated” fish species, namely salmonids (Atlantic salmon, rainbow trout), sea bass and sea bream, and introduces new marine fish species at a rather slow pace. While the introduction of new species to commercial scale farming represents a wide range of logistic, technical and biological challenges, one of the most vital requirements for success is the constant and dependable supply of juveniles to on-growing producers. The maintenance of normal reproductive processes in broodstock is therefore crucial to industrialized aquaculture. Currently, most egg collection is based on the stripping of broodstock populations, such as with salmonids, and on hormone injections before natural spawning, as is the case for sea bass and sea-bream. While the breeders of some species collect eggs provided through natural spawning without hormone injection, some fish species do not normally spawn naturally in captivity, necessitating the use of stripping, and the embryos produced can vary greatly in quality.

The optimisation of broodstock systems, specifically in relation to the spatial requirements for courtship and spawning behaviour, and temperature and light regimes which promote successful spawning, are necessary to improve egg production and egg quality. Breeding programs and protocols for genetic analyses must be re-thought and re-designed to assess and optimize the performance of naturally spawning broodstock, as several studies indicate that the majority of viable eggs may be produced by only small fraction of the broodstock population, restricting opportunities for stock improvement through artificial selection. Additionally, mortalities among mature female broodstock may occur during the spawning season as a result of the inability of some fish to release ovulated eggs. The optimisation of the structure of spawning populations, to minimise the suppressive effects of social hierarchies and environmental disturbances on spawning activity, research on the hormonal control of reproduction in selected species, and new models of breeding schemes for naturally spawning broodstock offer opportunities for the improvement in overall production and the quality of eggs and larvae. This project l focuses on the importance of broodstock environmental conditions and physical rearing conditions including species specific holding tanks, lighting, disturbances, and temperature, as well as behavioural and genetic characteristics of successful broodstock populations.