The PROSPAWN consortium consists of 7 SME participants and 5 RTD performers involving 4 member states and 1 associated state.
The approach of the project is a multidisciplinary one. The Project Consortium will work on the scientific and practical problems considered most important for future sustainable expansion of the industry by the SME proposers. This project brings together a balanced and integrated consortium of scientists, with wide project experience, in a number of interrelated disciplines, including growth and reproductive physiology, welfare, genetics, production techniques and endocrinology.
Aquaculture and environmental consultants (40 scientists). Their main specialization is environmental monitoring of aquaculture and the offshore oil industry and technical assistance for aquaculture. APN will bring the practical aquaculture experience together with the world-wide outlook and concepts. It will provide expertise in turbot culture, technical assistance, recirculation technology, data analysis and interpretation and trouble shoot any problems. It has staff with wide experience in recirculation and shallow raceway technology developed in Norway for wolffish and halibut and hatchery technology for sea bass and seabream in the Mediterranean. APN is actively involved in several aquaculture R&D projects. This allows APN to rapidly utilize new technology and management strategies in operational fish farming. The strength of APN lies in the up-scaling of experimental set-ups and strategies to commercial aquaculture production. APN is able to rapidly test new technology and management strategies in a realistic production environment.
With over 80 staff members and 70 postgraduate students, the Institute of Aquaculture (IoA) is one of the leading institutes worldwide that is solely focused on research and teaching underpinning aquaculture. The IoA has very much evolved with the aquaculture industry and its research output contributes directly to improved sustainable management of aquaculture. The Institute’s Genetics and Reproduction Group (http://www.aquaculture.stir.ac.uk/rep-gen/research.html) has worldwide recognition and a proven track record in environmental control of physiology, endocrinology and related molecular studies in a range of commercial fish species. In recent years it has generated new neuroendocrinological knowledge related to the control of fish reproduction, growth and smoltification in relation to the perception of light and photoperiod; broodstock management and impact of environmental factors on fish welfare. The knowledge generated has positively influenced the aquaculture industry and the Group’s research has led to the implementation of light regimes in the industry, enhancing both growth and reproductive performance in salmon, trout, and cod.
The Centro de Ciências do Mar do Algarve (CCMAR) is a research unit located at the University of Algarve focusing on various aspects of marine research, including Conservation and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems and Aquaculture and Marine Biotechnology. CCMAR is now integrated together with CIIMAR located at the University of Porto, in the CIMAR associated laboratory, a centre of excellence of the Portuguese Ministry of Science and Higher Education. One of the central aims of CCMAR/CIMAR is to contribute to the sustainable development of the aquaculture industry, through basic and applied research directed to the optimisation of cultivation techniques, reproduction managements and improvement of the quality of fish products. Ongoing projects involve studies on fish reproduction, nutrition and physiology, but also in the development and optimisation of production systems and feeding regimes for fish, larval and fry quality, and fish products quality. One of the main areas of work in recent years is the optimization of the culture potential of the sole, Solea senegalensis, both in intensive and semi-intensive systems. These activities have been developed in the framework of several research projects over the last ten years, at both national and international level (e.g., PRAXIS XII, POCTI, POCI, INTERREG, STRIDE, AIR, FAIR, CRAFT and QLM programs). More information and publication list at www.ualg.pt/ccmar/aquagroup.
The Spanish research council (CSIC) is the largest public research body in Spain, belonging to the Ministry of science and innovation. It is constituted by more than 100 research institutes and as a multidisciplinary institution it covers all fields of knowledge, from basic research to advanced technological development. In the present project, the CSIC is represented by two research institutes, from the area of natural resources, the Institute of Aquaculture of Torre la Sal (IATS) and the Institute of Marine Sciences of Andalucia (ICMAN); the IATS acting as partner leader.
The IATS is located in the Mediterranean coast of Spain (Castellón, 40ºN 0ºE). It was funded in 1949 and established in his actual location in 1979. Since then, it develops research focused on different aspects of aquaculture, including fish (sea bass, seabream, sole, etc), molluscs and crustaceans. Main research areas are, fish reproduction and genetics, fish growth and feeding, pathology, larviculture and ecotoxicology, transgenesis and functional proteomics and genomics. It has 17 research scientists grouped in two departments, together with postdoc and predoctoral students, technicians and other administration and management personnel.
The Department of Animal Sciences (DAS) of Wageningen University (WU), The Netherlands has excellent facilities for animal genomics and genetics research and for research into the integration of genomics and genetics research into breeding programmes. The Animal Breeding and Genetics group (ABG) at the DAS employs 60 staff members including Ph-D students, Post-docs, technicians and guest scientists that undertake multidisciplinary research in animal breeding, focusing on both quantitative genetics and molecular biology. The development of genetic markers, the detection of QTL and their use in breeding programmes has been a key subject in the AB&G group for many years.
The Ardtoe Marine Laboratory was established in 1965 as a publicly funded aquaculture research station, and rapidly gained an international reputation in the development of techniques for rearing species such as turbot, sole, cod, haddock, halibut lobsters and scallops. The unit houses some of the largest marine experimental facilities in the UK, with tank ranging from 3 litre aquaria to 160m3 GCS units, and has extensive photoperiod and temperature controlled multi-replicate experimental tank systems. In 2005 the unit was acquired by Viking Fish Farms Ltd, which continues to carry out both in-house and publicly funded research in marine aquaculture whilst also producing commercial quantities of cod, haddock and turbot juveniles for sale to farmers in the UK and elsewhere.
Otter ferry is one of the oldest established fish farming companies in the UK . It has always been at the forefront of aquacultural development in Scotland . the company was formed started farming trout in 1968 , since then the company has pioneered landbased salmon culture and has specialised in smolt and egg production . In the early 1990s Otter ferry was a founder member of the British halibut association and was one of 5 hatcheries who recieved halibut broodstock recruited from the wild. Otter ferry is the only halibut hatchery in the UK and is a shareholder in and responsible for the management of Gigha Halibut a 200 tonne ongrowing unit.
Norsk Kveite was founded in 1998 and is a leading producer of halibut juveniles. Norsk Kveite’s hatchery and juvenile production is located on the island of Askøy, Norway. There are currently 120 broodstock fish under photoperiod control in the broodstock program, resulting in 3 different spawning groups and year-round production of eggs.
A. Coelho e Castro, LDA have since 1968 been working on the production and marketing of freshwater fish, mainly rainbow trout. Since 1994 the activities have been expanded to marine fish, namely turbot, seabass, and red mullet, with the start up of a marine farm. The marine fish farm is located in Estela - Póvoa de Varzim (North of Portugal). The production capacity is around 150 tons/year of turbot. The farm stocks comprise some 40 tons of turbot and 200 000 seabass juveniles. The farm is contained in a building with an area of about 5300 m2. It comprises a hatchery, a nursery and ongrowing sectors, along with a machine room and support services. A. Coelho e Castro, Lda, also owns a fish feed factory, also in Estela - Póvoa de Varzim (North of Portugal). This factory produces feeds for rainbow trout and marine fish, including seabass.
Acuinuga is an independent SME founded in 1998. Organized in two divisions, the aquaculture division and the nutrition division, its main goal is the provision of comprehensive support to the aquaculture producer. Starting as a consultancy, it has now developed into a more industrial company, with main offices and fully licensed aquaculture laboratory based in Bertamirans, A Coruña province of Galicia (Spanish NW) and a Pilot Plant for the production of aquafeed in the Port of Vigo, Pontevedra province.
Intravision is an innovative company developing a series of business concepts based on the use of narrow bandwidth light. In close cooperation with various research institutions they work with new technologies spanning from biotechnology and aquaculture to projects within multimedia art and architectural lighting. Intravision Group AS work with special light systems within four areas: Art & architecture, fish farming, plant growth and microalgae growth During the last decade new and powerful versions of both CCLs (Cold Cathode Light tubes) and LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) has been commercialized, leading to new possibilities using narrow bandwidth lights within biotechnology. INTRAVISION are working with the innovators in both technologies, namely Lumileds Lighting Netherlands (EUREKA cooperation project using LEDs in photosynthesis processes), ENSYS AS (CCLs in photosynthesis, aquaculture and computer controlled color light systems), and have also started a cooperation with SINICA in Beijing, China who recently developed a new line of highly efficient CCLs, and had several deliveries for the Chinese Space Shuttle. All these new lighting technologies are characterized by lower power requirements, lower electrical running costs, increased durability, improved lamp life (up to 20 times the life of incandescent bulbs) and the ability to produce unfiltered narrow bandwidth light as required in comparison to standard metal halogen bulb currently used within the aquaculture industry. The use of such novel lighting system should result in an overall improvement of light efficiency in aquaculture rearing systems and lower running costs. Such technological innovation will subsequently be paired with novel scientific studies so producing for the first time a lighting system that is in tune with its target species sensitivities.
SILT BV is a commercial company which started in 2010, dedicated to production of Yellowtail kingfish (Seriola lalandi) in recirculation aquaculture systems. In addition, SILT takes care of the facilities previously belonging to SOLEA BV (previous SME partner in EU PROSAWN). A number of recirculation units fed with bore-hole water for production of fingerling sole and on-growing are available. For egg production, a number of well-adapted broodstock are available some of which are shifted in order to extend the spawning season.