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WP4

Contact

Contract no. 232305

 

Period 01.09.2009-29.02.2012

 

Coordinator: Erik Vikingstad, AKVAPLAN-NIVA AS, Fram Center, Tromsø, Norway

 

Contact: erik@akvaplan.niva.no 

 

   

WP 4: Behavioural traits and broodstock quality as manifested through natural spawning (WU)

The control of environmental conditions and the physical structure of the environments are tools designed to promote correct physiological and behavioural responses in the target species, the ultimate result of which is the abundant production of viable eggs and larvae. To this end it is imperative that one has a thorough understanding of what types of behaviour are desired and how such behaviours are triggered or inhibited through the environment within the breeding tanks. This may be achieved through direct observation of broodstock behaviour coupled with the analyses of the quantitative and qualitative data obtained through the collection and incubation of eggs. This work package will focus on various behavioural aspects of broodstock as affected by their physical environments and as related to the resultant egg quality. Furthermore, established genetic tools will be incorporated to allow for assigning of parentage to batches of egg groups removed from tanks of naturally spawning fish.

Behaviour traits and broodstock quality manifested through natural spawning

Task 4.1 Behaviour of naturally spawning broodstock

Task 4.2  Parental assignment through genotyping to identify rate of cohort participation

Task 4.3  Selection of breeders based on reproductive performance

Objectives

The control of environmental conditions and the physical structure of the environments are tools designed to promote correct physiological and behavioural responses in the target species, the ultimate result of which is the abundant production of viable eggs and larvae. To this end it is imperative that one has a thorough understanding of what types of behaviour are desired and how such behaviours are triggered or inhibited through the environment within the breeding tanks. This may be achieved through direct observation of broodstock behaviour coupled with the analyses of the quantitative and qualitative data obtained through the collection and incubation of eggs. Furthermore, the understanding of natural spawning behaviour will allow for the removal of fish that do not exhibit and may thus act as a disruptive element to more productive broodstock. This ability, combined with traditional genetic tools, may help to form the basis of future breeding schemes.

This work package will focus on various behavioural aspects of broodstock as affected by their physical environments and as related to the resultant egg quality. It will focus on two species, Solea solea and Solea senegalensis wild and F1 breeders. Furthermore, genetic tools will be incorporated to allow for assigning of parentage to batches of egg groups removed from tanks of naturally spawning fish. Data obtained during this trial will be used to establish criteria by which broodstock may be selected for participation in breeding schemes.